Bibliography

General:

Baker, William J. Sports in the Western World. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982.

Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Dowlin, Cornell March. The University of Pennsylvania Today, Its Buildings, Departments & Works. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Feldman, Samuel. "Franklin Field: An Historical Perspective." Columns (Philadelphia).

Franklin, Benjamin. Proposals for the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania, 1749. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Futrell, Alison. The Roman Games. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Klar, Laura S. "Theater and Amphitheater in the Roman World." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. October 2006. Accessed January 27, 2016. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tham/hd_tham.htm

Köhne, Eckart, Cornelia Ewigleben, and Ralph Jackson. Gladiators and Caesars: The Power of Spectacle in Ancient Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Kyle, Donald G. Athletics in Ancient Athens. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987.

Kyle, Donald G. Sport & Spectacle in the Ancient World. 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.

Lippincott, Horace Mather. The University of Pennsylvania, Franklin's College: Being Some Account of Its Beginnings and Development, Its Customs and Traditions and Its Gifts to the Nation. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott, 1919.

Matthews, George R. America's First Olympics: The St. Louis Games of 1904. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.

McKeown, Bonni. "Running for Fun at Old Franklin Field." Evening Bulletin (Philadelphia), August 27, 1970.

Meijer, Fik. The Gladiators: History's Most Deadly Sport. Translated by Liz Waters. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005.

Meyerson, Martin. Gladly Learn and Gladly Teach: Franklin and His Heirs at the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1976. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978.

Newby, Zahra. Greek Athletics in the Roman World: Victory and Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

"History of the Penn Relays." Official Site of the Penn Relay Carnival. March 1, 2010. Accessed January 20, 2016. http://www.thepennrelays.com/ViewArticle.dbml?ATCLID=1403812.

"PENN ATHLETICS IN THE 19TH CENTURY:The Origins of Penn Athletics." Origins of Penn Athletics, Penn in the 1800s, University of Pennsylvania University Archives. Accessed January 20, 2016. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/sports/sports1800s.html.

Perrin, Tom. Football: A College History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1987.

Roberts, Diane. Tribal: College Football and the Secret Heart of America. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2015.

Decker, W. Sport in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Edited by Thomas Francis Scanlon. Vol. 2. Oxford: University Press, 2014.

"80,000 Seats by Double-Decking Franklin Field." The Pennsylvania Gazette (Philadelphia), May 1, 1925.

"Franklin Field... Real Bargain." The Sunday Bulletin (Philadelphia), August 16, 1970.

"Franklin Field Stadium, University of Pennsylvania." The Architectural Forum, August 1923, 73-75.

Thomas, George E., and David Bruce. Brownlee. Building America's First University: An Historical and Architectural Guide to the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. Benjamin Franklin and the University of Pennsylvania. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. William Pepper, M.D., LL. D. (1843-1898) Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1904.

Zarnowski, Frank. The Pentathlon of the Ancient World. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2013.

Introduction:

Baker, William J. Sports in the Western World. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982.

Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Kyle, Donald G. Sport & Spectacle in the Ancient World. 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.

Lippincott, Horace Mather. The University of Pennsylvania, Franklin's College: Being Some Account of Its Beginnings and Development, Its Customs and Traditions and Its Gifts to the Nation. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott, 1919.

 

Buildings:

Baker, William J. Sports in the Western World. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982.

Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Dowlin, Cornell March. The University of Pennsylvania Today, Its Buildings, Departments & Works. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Feldman, Samuel. "Franklin Field: An Historical Perspective." Columns (Philadelphia).

Futrell, Alison. The Roman Games. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Klar, Laura S. "Theater and Amphitheater in the Roman World." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. October 2006. Accessed January 27, 2016. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tham/hd_tham.htm

Kyle, Donald G. Athletics in Ancient Athens. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987.

Meijer, Fik. The Gladiators: History's Most Deadly Sport. Translated by Liz Waters. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005.

"80,000 Seats by Double-Decking Franklin Field." The Pennsylvania Gazette (Philadelphia), May 1, 1925.

"Franklin Field... Real Bargain." The Sunday Bulletin (Philadelphia), August 16, 1970.

"Franklin Field Stadium, University of Pennsylvania." The Architectural Forum, August 1923, 73-75.

Thomas, George E. and Brownlee, David Bruce. Building America's First University: An Historical and Architectural Guide to the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

 

Athletics:

Baker, William J. Sports in the Western World. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982.

Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Dowlin, Cornell March. The University of Pennsylvania Today, Its Buildings, Departments & Works. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Franklin, Benjamin. Proposals for the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania, 1749. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Kyle, Donald G. Athletics in Ancient Athens. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987.

Kyle, Donald G. Sport & Spectacle in the Ancient World. 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.

Lippincott, Horace Mather. The University of Pennsylvania, Franklin's College: Being Some Account of Its Beginnings and Development, Its Customs and Traditions and Its Gifts to the Nation. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott, 1919.

Matthews, George R. America's First Olympics: The St. Louis Games of 1904. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.

Meyerson, Martin. Gladly Learn and Gladly Teach: Franklin and His Heirs at the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1976. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978.

Newby, Zahra. Greek Athletics in the Roman World: Victory and Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

"PENN ATHLETICS IN THE 19TH CENTURY:The Origins of Penn Athletics." Origins of Penn Athletics, Penn in the 1800s, University of Pennsylvania University Archives. Accessed January 20, 2016. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/sports/sports1800s.html.

Perrin, Tom. Football: A College History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1987.

Decker, W. Sport in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Edited by Thomas Francis Scanlon. Vol. 2. Oxford: University Press, 2014.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. Benjamin Franklin and the University of Pennsylvania. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. William Pepper, M.D., LL. D. (1843-1898) Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1904.

 

College Football and Gladiators:

Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Futrell, Alison. The Roman Games. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Köhne, Eckart, Cornelia Ewigleben, and Ralph Jackson. Gladiators and Caesars: The Power of Spectacle in Ancient Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Kyle, Donald G. Sport & Spectacle in the Ancient World. 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.

Lippincott, Horace Mather. The University of Pennsylvania, Franklin's College: Being Some Account of Its Beginnings and Development, Its Customs and Traditions and Its Gifts to the Nation. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott, 1919.

MacLeod, David I.  "Socializing American Youth," in M. Boemeke et al., Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871–1914.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Perrin, Tom. Football: A College History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1987.

Roberts, Diane. Tribal: College Football and the Secret Heart of America. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2015.

Thomas, George E. and Brownlee, David Bruce. Building America's First University: An Historical and Architectural Guide to the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

Thorpe, Francis Newton. William Pepper, M.D., LL. D. (1843-1898) Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia & London: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1904.